World Giving Index 2013 Map (click image to enlarge or click here)
The Charities Aid Foundation 2013 World Giving Index assessed three different factors in determining most generous nations: “the percentage of people who, in a typical month, donate money to charity, volunteer their time, and help a stranger.”
CAF reports that in the short term giving has increased globally but in the long term the helping strangers is the only measurement to increase since 2008.
The United States was ranked the most generous nation.
Burma is ranked one first place on the index of donating to charity with 85% of the population donating money. Second to Burma (Myanmar) in donating money is the United Kingdom with 76%. In the top ten nations likely to donate to charities, eight are not in the G20.
The CAF study also showed that women are more likely to donate money than men. Prior to 2009 more men donated to charity. CAF finds that “28.7% of women in a typical country give to charity in a typical month.” Men and women are volunteering their time, however, roughly equally. In recent years more men are helping strangers.
World Giving Index 2013 Top 20 (click to enlarge)
The Irrawaddy interviewed Naing Oo, a Burmese writer, about the World Giving Index, who noted that the index did not specify what type of giving and to what purpose.
“People donate with the expectation of having a better next life. People are not motivated to donate for education or health, but to build a pagoda or monastery. They may use millions of kyats. It’s Burmese moral instinct.”
Oo, as well as Irrawaddy, conclude that the majority of donations are to religious causes and not to social institutions.
“It’s not wrong to donate to a monastery or pagoda, but people want to do it too much because they think they earn merit with donations to religious or spiritually affiliated matters,” Naing Oo told The Irrawaddy.