Partners for Prevention (P4P), a joint program consisting of the United Nations Development Programme, the United Nations Population Fund, the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women, and United Nations Volunteers, launched the UN Multi-country study on Men and Violence in Asia and the Pacific to “generate knowledge on how masculinities relate to men’s perceptions and perpetration of violence against women.”
The objectives of the study were to:
· better understand men’s use of different forms of violence against women (specifically, intimate partner violence and non-partner rape) in the Asia–Pacific region;
· assess men’s own experience of violence as well as their perpetration of violence against other men and how it relates to the perpetration of violence against women;
· identify factors associated with men’s perpetration of different forms of violence against women;
· promote evidence-based policies and programmes to prevent violence against women.
The study was conducted from 2010 to 2013 and was a collaborative effort involving partners from academia, research institutes, civil society, the United Nations family and governments around the globe. It was developed and coordinated by Partners for Prevention with the Medical Research Council of South Africa and study teams in each country who led the surveying.
This report is based upon the population-based quantitative survey component of the study, which was conducted with more that 10,000 men and 3,000 women in nine sites across six countries in the region (Bangladesh, Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea and Sri Lanka).
Why Do Some Men Use Violence Against Women and How Can We Prevent It? Quantitative Findings from the UN Multi-country Study on Men and Violence in Asia and the Pacific.
Download Full P4P Report (pdf)
Download Summary Report (pdf)
Download Presentation (slides, pdf)
Emma Fulu, a researcher at Partners for Prevention wrote in the UK medical journal The Lancet: “Surprisingly, our results show that although some overlap exists, physical and sexual violence do not always appear to be committed together, or for the same reasons, in different regions.”
In the same journal Rachel Jewkes of South Africa’s Medical Research Council concluded: In the view of the high prevalence of rape worldwide, our findings clearly show that [rape] prevention strategies need to show increased focus on the structural and social risk factors for rape. We now need to move towards a culture of preventing the perpetration of rape from ever occurring, rather than relying in prevention through responses.”
National Geographic spoke with Rachel Jewkes, the lead technical adviser for the study. Jewkes stated,
Sexual entitlement is the most common motivation across all of these countries. I think that very, very strongly points to the root of rape in gender relations, and the fact that rape is really legitimized in so many of the countries.